natron: dehydrating agent (sodium carbonate or bicarbonatae) used to preserve the corpse in the mummification process

Near East: countries near the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, including Arabia, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey

Nephthys: Egyptian goddess, protector of the dead; sister of Isis, Osiris, and Seth

Neptune: Roman god of the sea; known as Poseidon to the Greeks

New Kingdom: Egyptian chronological term for Dynasties 17–20; around 1576–1069 B.C.

Nike: winged goddess of victory

obol: Greek coin whose value was one sixth of a drachma