ba: the part of a human being that left the body after death; Egyptians believed it could return to inhabit the mummy; it is usually depicted as a human-headed bird

Bacchus: Roman god of wine; known as Dionysos to the Greeks

barbarian: a non-Greek; to the Greeks, foreigners who did not speak Greek were barbarian

bas=relief: sculpture in which figures project only slightly from a flat background

Black Sea: inland sea connected to the Mediterranean through the strait of the Bosphoros; its shores were colonized by the Greeks in the 8th century

bosses: raised knobs

bronze: a mixture of copper, tin, and other metals